اللغه الهنديه

May 13

اللغه الهنديه

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Modern Hindi literature emerges: 1796: Earliest type-based Devanagari printing (John Gilchrist, Grammar of the Hindoostanee Language, Calcutta) [Dick Plukker] 1805: Lalloo Lal's Premsagar published for Fort William College, Calcutta [Daisy Rockwell] 1813-46: Maharaja Swati Tirunal Rama Varma(Travancore) composed verses in Hindi along with South Indian languages. 1826: "Udanta Martanda" Hindi weekly from Calcutta 1837: Phullori, author of "Om Jai Jagdish Hare" born 1839,1847: "History of Hindi Literature" by Garcin de Tassy in French [Daisy Rockwell] 1833-86: Gujarati Poet Narmad proposed Hindi as India's national language 1850: The term "Hindi" no longer used for what is now called "Urdu". 1854: "Samachar Sudhavarshan" Hindi daily from Calcutta 1873: Mahendra Bhattachary's "Padarth-vigyan" (Chemistry) in Hindi 1877: Novel "Bhagyavati" by Shraddharam Phullori 1886: "Bharatendu period" of modern Hindi literature starts 1893 Founding of the Nagari Pracharni Sabha in Benares [Daisy Rockwell] 1900: "Dvivedi period" starts. Nationalist writings 1900: "Indumati" story by Kishorilal Goswami in "Sarasvati" 1913: "Raja Harishchandra", first Hindi movie by Dadasaheb Phalke 1918-1938: "Chhayavad period" 1918: "Dakshin Bharat Hindi Prachara Sabha" founded by Gandhi. 1929: "History of Hindi Literature" by Ramchandra Shukla 1931: "Alam Ara" first Hindi talking movie 1930's: Hindi typewriters ("Nagari lekhan Yantra")[Shailendra Mehta] Our age 1949: Official Language Act makes the use of Hindi in Central Government Offices mandatory 1949-50: Hindi accepted as the "official language of the Union" in the constitution. Debates a, b, c. 1952: The Basic Principles Committee of the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan recommends that Urdu be the state language. 1965: Opposition to "Hindi-imposition" in Tamilnadu brings DMK to power. 1975: English medium private schools start asserting themselves socially, politically, financially [Peter Hook]. 1985-6: Devanagari word processor, Devyani DTP software, both from Dataflow (?). 1987-88: Frans Velthuis creates Devanagari metafont. [Shailendra Mehta] 1990: According to World Almanac and Book of Facts Hindi-Urdu has passed English (and Spanish) to become the second most widely spoken language in the world [Peter Hook]. 1991: ITRANS encoding scheme developed by Avinash Chopde allows Hindi documents in Roman and Devanagari on the Internet. 1995: Movie "Hum Aapke Hain Kaun" biggest grosser ever 1997: Prime Minister Deve Gowda emphasises promotion of Hindi and the regional languages, having himself learned Hindi recently. 1997: Hindi Newspaper Nai Dunia on the web (January) (Or was Milap first?) 1998: Karunanithi, the DMK leader, recites a Hindi verse during a political campaign, indicating a change in views. 1998: Sonia Gandhi's Hindi lessons attract attention. 2001:


اللغه الهنديه

Mandala - Any of various ritualistic geometric designs symbolic of the universe, used in Hinduism and Buddhism, as an aid to meditation. Tamil mutalai - ball, from Sanskrit mandalam - circle



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Back Issues of Language in India - From 2001

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